Verses 9-11 mention pools, waters, and a reservoir, which is possibly referring to the tunnel that King Hezekiah built to withstand a siege. But the prophecy continues that it is too little, too late. The LORD had called for weeping and mourning, and the people responded with celebrating. Verse 14 wraps up this section with a grim warning to the people of Jerusalem:
Then it was revealed in my hearing by the Lord of hosts,
“Surely for this iniquity there will be no atonement for you,
Even to your death,” says the Lord God of hosts.
We see a clear change of tone beginning with verse 15. Shebna was the king’s scribe who was ousted from his high position under Hezekiah. Further details of this time are outlined in 2 Kings 18.
Shebna (meaning vigor, from an unused root meaning to grow) was cut off from having the king's ear. In fact, verse 17 says Indeed, the Lord will throw you away violently, O mighty man, and will surely seize you. Shebna's service was indeed ended with vigor. Could Shebna have been a picture of the Pharisees and Sadduccees that ruled at the time of Yeshua?
Eliakim means God raises, or God sets up. And this is exactly what happened.
Revelation 3:7 says, “And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write, ‘These things says He who is holy, He who is true, “He who has the key of David, He who opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens”
The doctrine of authority is also paralleled in Matthew 16:19, which tells us,
And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”
This idea of binding and loosing is often misunderstood as spiritual warfare and binding the evil one. But it really has more to do with the governing authority of the ekklesia. Binding and loosing is another way of saying allowing or not allowing.
It is my understanding that a more correct translation of the Greek would say, "whatever has been already been allowed in heaven is allowed on earth, and whatever is not allowed by heaven will not be allowed on earth." The LORD is establishing the fact that He is the ultimate authority, and the ekklesia is His assembly on earth that is to carry out His authority.
It is not the authority to do whatever we want, but the authority to carry out the will of heaven. We members of the ekklesia are ambassadors walking in His authority. We stand on the Rock of the Messiah. Heaven makes the rules and we the ekklesia are supposed to listen and do as directed.
In addition to the general authority of the ekklesia, Peter was given the keys to the kingdom in Matthew 16, and he was actually given specific authority to open certain doors.
In Acts 2, Peter opened the Kingdom to the Jews.
In Acts 8, Peter opened the Kingdom in Samaria.
In Acts 10, Peter opened the Kingdom to the rest of the world - the Gentiles.
This does not mean that Peter was the first pope. It means that he was given a very specific job to do in "unlocking" the Messianic kingdom - first to the Jews in Jerusalem and Judea, then to Samaria, and then to the ends of the earth.
Matthew 18:15-20 elaborates on New Covenant authority and discipline, culminating with verse 20: For where two or three are gathered together in My name, I am there in the midst of them.
Rest assured, you can pray alone, and Yeshua will be with you. Yes, corporate prayer and worship is also important, and is dealt with elsewhere in scripture.
In 1 Kings 18, we can read the showdown between God and Baal with Elijah on Mount Carmel. And as we know, God won (He always wins).
In verse 2 of chapter 23, Isaiah refers to the sea being filled.
Why did Tyre and Sidon fall? Verse 9 tells us. The Lord of hosts has purposed it, To bring to dishonor the pride of all glory, To bring into contempt all the honorable of the earth.