Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth!
For the Lord has spoken!
What follows in Isaiah is a description of how Israel has sinned and has provoked the Holy One. It isn't a pretty picture. Verse 6 gives us a little foreshadow of what the suffering servant had to atone for in Isaiah 53:
From the sole of the foot even to the head, there is no soundness in it,
But wounds and bruises and putrefying sores;
They have not been closed or bound up, or soothed with ointment.
Isaiah continues, and in verse 9, you will see the promise of a future remnant. There is always a remnant. God is faithful to keep His promises.
Verses 10-15 tell us the heart of the matter. Their celebrations had become an abomination to the Lord, because of where their hearts were. They were observing all the commanded holy days, but their hands were covered with blood. They were being compared to Sodom and Gomorrah.
God was being mocked. Just like He is today in our culture.
- God's holy mountain will be established (on the Temple Mount)
- All the nations will come to it
- The nations will no longer curse Israel but will actually want to be there
- The Messiah will rule from there, and the Law will go forth from there
- He will judge between the nations
- Swords will be beaten into to plowshares - a time of peace and prosperity
- Arrogant man will be humbled
- People will be hiding in caves and rocks in terror (see Revelation 6:15)
- This is repeated three times, in verses 10, 19, and 21. When something is emphasized three times in scripture, it means PAY SPECIAL ATTENTION.
- Everything proud and lofty (not just man) will be brought low
- Again, this is repeated three times - in verses 11, 12, and 17.
- The LORD alone will be exalted in that day
- He will shake the earth mightily
- Idols will be cast off
- It will be GLORIOUS!
And they declare their sin as Sodom; they do not hide it.
Woe to their soul! For they have brought evil upon themselves.
Chapter 4 breaks out with repentance, which often follows judgment for those who allow God to soften their hearts. What follows is verse 2, our first introduction to the Branch!
In that day the Branch of the LORD shall be beautiful and glorious;
And the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and appealing
For those of Israel who have escaped.
|An Israeli wedding under a chuppah|
Now let me sing to my Well-beloved
A song of my Beloved regarding His vineyard:
My Well-beloved has a vineyard on a very fruitful hill.
He dug it up and cleared out its stones, and planted it with the choicest vine.
He built a tower in its midst, and also made a winepress in it;
So He expected it to bring forth good grapes,
But it brought forth wild grapes
This is a reference to the Song of Solomon. Dodi means my beloved. The vineyard is the house of Judah and Israel, and its owner is the LORD of hosts. The LORD prepared the soil, removed the stones (Israel is very rocky), and planted the choicest vines. But something went wrong. The lush vineyard produced wild grapes. The Hebrew word for wild is beushim - meaning stinking or worthless things.
Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil;
Who put darkness for light, and light for darkness;
Who put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!
Woe to those who are wise in their own eyes,
And prudent in their own sight!